Students’ media by the students. The use of

 

 

 

 

Students’ perspective
of use of social media for educational purpose

Neha Agrawal

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

 

 

 

 

 

 

Department
of Computer and System Sciences

 

Stockholm
2018-01-07

 

Scientific Communication and Research Methodology

Autumn term
2017

Abstract

Social media is one of the most useful
platform to connect with each other. Nowadays, social media has become an
integral part of daily life of almost all the students. In this research, the
analysis of social media is presented which states whether social media
platform is useful for education purpose or not for the students.

 

Moreover, it is also interesting to know the
major purpose of use of social media by the students. The use of social media
is increasing day by day.

 

The data was collected using web based
questionnaire through 48 students of New Look Girls’College, Rajasthan, India.
Google charts are used to analyse the use of social media for educational
purpose.

 

The study examines the students perspective
of the use of social media for educational purpose. According to the findings
of this research, the social media is useful for the students for educational
purpose. However, it is also found that the use of social media often distracts
the students.

 

Keywords: Social media, Educational purpose,
Students etc.

 

 

 

Table of Contents

1     Introduction. 1

1.1      Background. 1

1.2      Aim and objectives. 2

1.3      Research Questions. 2

1.4      Limitations of the study. 2

1.4.1       A Subsection. 2

2     Methodology. 3

2.1      Data Collection Methods. 3

2.2      Sampling. 4

2.3      Data Analysis. 5

2.4      Research Ethics. 5

3     Results. 6

3.1      Data Collection and Analysis. 6

3.2      Findings. 6

4     Discussion. 9

References. 10

Appendix A Informed Consent Form.. 11

Appendix B Data Collection Protocols Used. 12

 

 

 

 

 

1              
Introduction

1.1        
Background

Social media is a platform for interaction, gaining knowledge, sharing
ideas, to know about several events etc. any website that allow interaction
between people is termed as social media sites like Facebook, Instagram,
Twitter (Gwenn Schurgin O’Keeffe et.al.2011). Among all the websites, Facebook is termed as
“dominant” social networking site (Paul A. Tess. 2013).The notion that social
media could be a useful tool for educational purposes has received recent
attention (Paul A. Tess. 2013). Students of developed countries communicate
with each other for coordination, cooperation and also for knowledge (C.M.
Bermudez, 2016).

 

It is a virtual living space where people interact with each other and
share their views (Mario Gastaldi, 2014). It is also used by many students to
exchange their ideas, share their work and communicate for educational and
non-educational purposes. They do their group projects and homework using
social media. For communication among groups for their projects and
assignments, social media is very convenient for the students. It helps them to
work online irrespective of their physical presence (Gwenn Schurgin O’Keeffe et.al.2011).

 

Social media interactions and their effects on daily life are being
studied for many years. It is an interesting and important topic to discuss
that how far it helps and what are the drawbacks of using social media for
students. Previous studies suggests that social media is helpful for students
for their educational purposes. However, excessive use of social media leads to
distraction and affect the academic performances (Magda Chelly et.al.2012).
But, what is the students’ perspective about use of social media in education
is still questionable. Therefore this study focuses on identifying the
students’ perspective of use of social media in education.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.2        
Aim and
objectives

     Research Aim:

·      
The aim of this
study is to analyze the NLGC students’ perspective of use of social media for
educational purposes.

     Research
Objective:

·      
To identify the
famous social media platform for educational purpose among students of NLGC.

·      
To explore the use
of social media for educational purpose.

1.3        
Research
Questions

     Main question:

·      
What are the
students’ perspectives of using social media for educational purpose?

Sub question:

·      
What social media
platform is famous among students for educational purpose?

·      
How students use
social media for educational purpose?

1.4        
Limitations
of the study

This study concentrates only on students’ view of use of
social media for educational purpose. The participants for this are students of
New Look Girls’ College, Rajasthan, India. The students are from different
departments such as computer science, management etc.

 

This
study identifies the primary role of social media in students’ life and it also
determines the principal purpose of using social media (like Facebook, Whatsapp
etc.) in education. This study does not include the use of social media apart
from educational purpose. Also, “students” is a very broad term. The
participants for this study are just a small sample of students of NLGC and
therefore the result of this study cannot be generalized.

 

`

 

 

2              
Methodology

This study is conducted on students of NLGC,
Rajasthan, India. The data collection methods that are suitable for this study
are questionnaire and interview.

 

The interview is telephonic or face to face
communication between the researcher and the participants. It helps to get more
in depth knowledge of the research topic. However, this study is focusing on
breadth rather than depth that is why interview discussions are not very useful
here. Also it is a short study and need to be completed in eight weeks where
interview can be time consuming data collection method.

 

The questionnaire is the series of the written and
well organized questions that are focused on the broader knowledge rather than
in depth knowledge (Randolph 2008, p.74). Questions can be open ended or closed
questions depending on the requirement of the research. This method is suitable
in this research as the questions are well designed. It is inexpensive and
collection of data is also quick.

 

2.1        
Data
Collection Methods

For conducting this research, questionnaire is
being used for collecting data to analyze the final result. The questionnaires
are the series of written and well defined questions (Randolph 2008, p.74). There
are different type of questionnaire which are distributed among the
participants such as paper based questionnaire, web based questionnaire. It is
the best method to collect reliable information quickly (Denscombe, M., 2014,
p.158). So data can be collected in a faster way using questionnaire. The questionnaire
can be send to the participants either online or in offline mode to gather
information.

 

The interview is one to one method which involves
the researcher and the participants. It gives the detailed information and in
depth knowledge (Denscombe, M., 2014, p.176). It is a good collection for data
collection and suitable for the studies focusing on deep knowledge. Conducting
interview require more time as compared to questionnaire data collection
method. Also both the researcher and the participants have to fix time for
this. But here, first the study is focusing on breadth rather than depth and
second the study is a small scale study which should be complete in eight
weeks, so conducting interviews for collecting data is not a good option.

 

Thus the questionnaires are well suited to reach
the large set of students and gain the knowledge about their perspective. For
the research, the online survey was conducted, and a questionnaire was sent to
the participants via email. There were set of closed questions to which
students can easily provide suitable answers.

2.2        
Sampling

There are two types of sampling: probability sampling and non
probability sampling as described based on research population (Denscombe, M.,
2014, p.43). Being a small scale study, this research used an exploratory
sample and it comes under non probability sampling. The sample of this research
comprises of students of different age group from different department of
study. The participants of the study are the students of NLGC, Rajasthan, India
who are willing to help in this research.

 

The participants were restricted to the small
number of population as this is a small scale study and was collected within 7
to 8 days by contacting the students via social media as it is the best way to communicate
with friends and also it is easy to collect or gather more data.

 

According to Denscombe (2003, p.12), it is not
possible to collect data from everyone in the sampling frame. This study
applies quantitative methods to analyze views from the students instead of the
qualitative method. As this is the small scale study, it had to be carried out
with a limited budget and efforts in a limited time period. The questionnaires
prepared in the Google form were sent to the students of NLGC through Facebook,
Email etc. According to Denscombe (2014, p.24), the sample size of 30 to 250 is
ideal for small scale study.

 

  

2.3        
Data
Analysis

Data analysis describes and summarizes data,
regardless of whether the data is qualitative or quantitative. There are many
types of data analysis some of them are basic in nature and some of them are
more specific in nature. The two prominent methods of data analysis are
qualitative research and quantitative research.

 

The web based questionnaire was prepared on Google
form. The link to the survey sent to the students through social media such as
Facebook, Whatsapp etc. There were 10 questions in the questionnaire for the
survey. These questions were based on how does social media help the students
for academic purpose and how does it adversely affect the students. The
questionnaire has both dichotomous questions (yes/no) and ordinal questions
(strongly agree, mostly agree, partly agree, mostly disagree and strongly
disagree).

 

The survey provide graph and pie chart that would
be easy to correlate with data (Denscombe, M., 2014, p.255). the questionnaire
was created in Google form. The Google pie charts are used here to analyze the
result.

  

2.4        
Research
Ethics

Research ethics is interested in analysis of
ethical issues rose when people are involved as participants in research.
Research ethics consists of three objectives first is to protect human
participants, second is to ensure that the research serves interest of
individuals, groups or society as a whole, and lastly the third objective is to
examine research activities for their ethical soundness.

 

According to Denscombe, the research study should
be perform in an ethical manner. The participants should be aware of the
probable risks involved in the research study and participants should
participate accordingly in an ethical research. There is no any possible risk
in this study. The participants were given the informed consent form to get the
consent of the participants to take part in the research study and then
continue. The informed consent form preceded the questionnaire. The informed
consent form includes all the details about the research and also details about
the purpose of this study. Moreover, the study was done under the rules and
regulations of the FMVEK course.

 

3              
Results

3.1        
Data
Collection and Analysis

A Google form containing questionnaire of 10
questions was created. The link to the form was sent to the participants, who
are the students of NLGC through social media such as Facebook and Whatsapp.
The link was sent with an informed consent form. The participants had read and
understood the informed consent form before proceeding with the questionnaire.
The data collection was started on 14 December 2017 and closed on 23 December
2017. The questionnaire was sent to 60 students, and from which 48 responses
were received. As it is small study 48 responses were sufficient for analyzing
the result.

3.2        
Findings

 

From figure 1, it has been found that 44 students out of 48 students
(91.7 %) use “Facebook” platform more often. However, most of the students also
responded that they use “WhatsApp” platform. These two platforms, “Facebook”
and “WhatsApp” are used by most of the students in DSV.

 

                                          
Figure 1: Social media platforms

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See figure 2; it has also been found that about 68.8% students use
social media for educational purpose as per the survey. Moreover, 50% (see
figure 4) of the respondents responded that they use social media for their
project works. However, 62.5% (see figure 4) also responded that they use
social media for communication among the fellow students.

 

                    Figure 2: Social media for
educational purpose

 

 

 

 

 

 

                           Figure 3: Use of
Social Media for educational purpose

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Furthermore, 50% (see figure 5) of the respondents responded that Social
media is helpful for them for educational purpose. It shows that how does
social media help in student’s life. From the figure 3 and figure 4, it can be
concluded that social media is used by students for educational purposes.

 

 

 

 

 

                   Figure 4: Social media for
educational purpose

 

 

 

However, 50% respondents also responded that social media distracts them
from their studies (see figure 5). The cause of their distraction is chatting
with friends and engaging in other activities.

 

 

                      Figure 5: Social media
distraction

 

4              
Discussion

This research study took place to know about the
students’ perspective of using social media for educational purposes. The
result of this research study indicates that the students use social media to
communicate and share ideas with their fellow partner and use it as a platform
for the project work and assignments. It also shows that social media helps
them in educational purpose. However, majority of students accepted that they
get distracted easily from their work and studies because of use of social
media. They agreed that social media keeps them busy in chatting with friends
which makes them distract from their work and studies to an extent.

 

The concern of this study is to know what social
media platform is famous among students for educational purposes and what the
uses of social media are for educational purposes. In response to this it is
found that “Facebook” is the most famous platform among students for
educational purposes. According to the participants of the research, “Facebook”
is famous for making groups online so that students can chat with their fellow
partners and share ideas and work together on projects or assignments even if
they are not together physically. It helps them a lot and also saves a lot of
time.

 

The result of this study confirms the result of the
study by Magda (2012). The study by Magda indicates that the social media is a
great way for educational purpose and the use of social media helps the student
to interact and share ideas among each other. The Magda’s study shows the
importance of implementing social media in student’s life. The result of this
study is in alignment with the study of Magda (2012) that the majority of
students uses Facebook as a way or platform for interaction with the fellow
students for educational purposes.

 

The findings of this research study are important
for students and it indicates the relation between education and the social
media. In conclusion, this research study shows that the use of social media in
educational purpose positively helps the students for their project work and
assignments. It also shows that “Facebook” is the major platform use by the
students for education purpose among the available social media platform.
‘Facebook’ is used by the students to make online group so that they can
interact and share ideas easily without even sitting together physically at same
place. Like this it helps them to work on their project efficiently.

References

·      
Magda Chelly
& Hana Mataillet . (2012), IEEE, Social Media and the Impact on Education,
WinAcademy Soutien Scolaire,Paris, France

             http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/06333388/

·      
Gwenn
Schurgin O’Keeffe, MD, Kathleen Clarke-Pearson, MD, and Council on

              communications and media,
Clinical Report- The impact of Social Media on Children,

              Adolescents, and Families

       http://www.scielo.edu.uy/scielo.php?pid=S168812492011000100007&script=sci_arttext

·      
Sai T Moturu*,
Inas Khayal*, Nadav Aharony*, Wei Pan*, Alex(Sandy) Pentland*, (2011), IEEE,
Using Social Sensing to Understand the Links between Sleep, Mood and
Sociability

              http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/06113116/

·      
Mario
Gastaldi,(2014) , Integration of Mobile, Big Data, Sensors, and Social Media:
Impact on Daily life and Business

             http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=06880670/

·      
Paul A.
Tess., (2013), The role of Social Media in higher education classes (real and
virtual)

              http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0747563212003743

·      
Nancy K.
Baym, Yan Bing Zhang, Mei-Chen Lin, (2004), Social interaction across media

             http://nms.sagepub.com/content/6/3/299.abstract

·      
Sebastian
Valenzuela,Namse Park, Kerk F.Kee, (2009), Is There Social Capital in a Social
Network Site?:Facebook Use and College Students’Life Satisfaction, Trust, and
Participation

             http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2009.01474.x/full

·      
Arun Preethi
Pillai, Aparna Ashok, Sangeetha Gunasekar, (2015), IEEE, Facebook as a site of
Information  http://ieeexplore.ieee.org.ezp.sub.su.se/search/searchresult.jsp?queryText=7435797=true

·      
C.M.
Bermudez, P.W.C. Prasad, Abeer Alsadoon, L. Hourany, (2016), Students Perception
on the use of Social Media to learn English within secondary education in
developing countries

              http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7474668/

·      
Denscombe, M.
(2014). The good research guide for small-scale research projects. 5th Edition,
Berkshire. UK: Open University Press.

·      
Denscombe, M.
(2003). The good research guide for small-scale research projects. 2nd Edition,
Berkshire. UK: Open University Press.

·      
Randolph, J.
(2008). Multidisplinary Methods in Educational Technology Research and
Development. HAMK University of Applied Scienced, Hameenlinna, Finland

 

 

 

 

 

Appendix A Informed Consent Form

Dear Participant,

My name is Neha Agrawal, and I am a Master’s Student in Information
Systems Management Program at Stockholm University. I am currently taking the
course in Scientific Communication and Research Methodology. As a part of this
course, I am conducting a mini research on determining the influence of Social
Media on Academic Performances. You are invited to participate in this research
study. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the usage of the
social media have affected the academic performances of the students of NLGC,
Rajasthan, India positively or negatively. The objectives of this research

Studies are:

 

– To explore the positive aspects of the use of social media in
student’s life (from the student’s point of view).

 

– To examine the adverse side effects of using social media.

 

Your participation in the research study is voluntary. You may decline
altogether, or else, if you wish to participate, all the questions are
mandatory. Even, if you agree now, you can terminate your participation at any
time without prejudice. Your name will not be attached with the answers and I
will ensure your responses remain confidential. The questionnaire is a part of
a research study for course Scientific Communication and Research Methodology
and will be used only for academic purposes. The researcher will archive the
data safely after the successful completion of the research study.

If you wish to participate in the research study, please check the box
below that you have read and understood the terms of participation. The
questionnaires will not take more than 15 minutes. You must be more than 18
years of age. There is not any probable risk involved in answering the
questionnaire apart from the emotional attachment to the CGPAs. You, being a
student, may be interested in the results of this research study. You will be provided
with the outcomes of this research study upon request. If you have any question
about this research study, please feel free to contact me.

 

Thank you for your participation.

Agree and Continue

I have read and understood the terms of
participation as mentioned above.

Appendix
B Data Collection Protocols Used

*Required

 

Q1. What is your age group?

a) 18-22

b) 23-26

c) 27-30

d) 31 and above

 

Q2. Are you a student?

a) Yes

b) No

 

Q3. Do you use Social Media? *

a) Yes

b) No

c) Maybe

 

Q4. If you have answered yes in above
question. Which social media platform you use the most?

a) Facebook

b) WhatsApp

c) Twitter

d) Instagram

e) Other

 

Q5. Do you use social media for educational
purpose? *

a) Yes

b) No

c) Maybe

 

Q6. If you have answered yes in above in above
question. How do you use social media for educational purpose?

a) Project groups

b) Communication among fellow students

c) Other

 

 

Q7. Social media is helpful for you for
educational purpose?

a) Strongly agree

b) Agree

c) Neutral

d) Disagree

e) Strongly disagree

 

Q8. Use of social media for educational
purpose helps increasing your academic

performance.

a) Strongly agree

b) Agree

c) Neutral

d) Disagree

e) Strongly disagree

 

Q9. Use of social media for educational
purpose distracts you from studies. *

a) Strongly agree

b) Agree

c) Neutral

d) Disagree

e) Strongly disagree

 

Q10. If you have answered positively in above
question. How does it distract you?

a) Engaging in chat with friends

b) Engaging in socializing and other activities

c) other