Soccer InjuriesThere are so many injuries you can get while playing soccer. The most common types of injuries are bruising, sprains, strains, fractures and dislocations. The definitions of injury is harm or damage that is done. You can go to a trainer to prevent injuries and to help you recover from them. If we prevent injuries by seeing our trainer or stretching before sports, then we will have a less percent on injuries.How are injuries treated?If you get injured, you should be stopped immediately until any injury is treated properly. Most injuries are minor and can be treated by in a short period of rest, ice, and elevation. If a trained health care professional such as a sports medicine physician or athletic trainer is available to evaluate an injury, often a decision can be made to allow an athlete to continue playing immediately. Overuse injuries can be treated with a short period of rest and ice baths, which means that the athlete can continue to perform or practice some activities with modifications, which means doing something that is related to that activity and not putting full strength in. In many cases, pushing through pain can be very harmful, especially for stress fractures, knee ligament injuries, and any injury to the head or neck. You should contact your doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment of any injury. You should return to play only when clearance is granted by a healthcare professional. The American Academy of Pediatrics adds “In general the more contact in a sport, the greater the risk of traumatic injury” (American Academy of Pediatrics). The OMIC acknowledges ¨ Proprioception exercises and other balance exercises can help you recover more quickly and should be performed as a part of a prevention program¨ (OMIC)What is the most common injury in soccer?One of the most popular sport is soccer which continues to gain popularity in the United States. With more people playing soccer, it is not surprising that the number of soccer-related injuries is increasing particularly as children get older and their level of play increase and it gets more intense. Sprains and strains, often around the ankle mostly, are very common in soccer. Player collisions, either full body or kick collisions can cause a wide range of injuries, including cuts, bruises, and concussions. Overuse injuries, such as Achilles tendonitis and shin splints, frequently occur, as well. Several strategies can help prevent soccer injuries from careful inspection of the field to wearing proper shin guards. Nmortho points out that “Overuse injuries occur over time due to stress on the muscles, joints and soft tissues without proper time for healing. They begin as a small, nagging ache or pain, and can grow into a debilitating injury if they aren’t treated early” (Nmortho).What is the proper preparation for play?To maintain fitness. Be sure you are in good physical condition at the start of soccer season and be sure to be hydrated all the time. During the off-season, stick to a balanced fitness program that incorporates aerobic exercise, strength training, and flexibility, it also helps you get less strains and no more rolling your ankles. If you are out of shape at the start of the season, you will need to increase your activity level and slowly build back up your muscle. Always warm up and stretch and make sure to stretch after play too. Research studies have shown that cold muscles are more prone to injury. US Consumer Product Safety Commission states¨Warm up with jumping jacks, stationary cycling or running or walking in place for 3 to 5 minutes. Then slowly and gently stretch, holding each stretch for 30 seconds. Cool down and stretch. Stretching at the end of practice is too often neglected because of busy schedules. Stretching can help reduce muscle soreness and keep muscles long and flexible. Be sure to stretch after each training practice to reduce your risk for injury¨(US Consumer Product Safety Commission) Always be hydrated. Even if you dehydrated you can hurt athletic performance. If you don’t have enough fluids, your body will not be able to cool itself through sweat. A general recommendation is to drink 24 ounces of non-caffeinated fluid 2 hours before exercise. Drinking an additional 8 ounces of water or sports drink right before exercise is also helpful. While you are exercising, break for an 8 oz. cup of water every 20 minutes. “Soccer players typically take getting ready for the game fairly seriously. At the adult level, the game lasts 90 minutes, and that’s a long, long time to try to compete athletically if you misplaced a critical element of gear or have neglected your warmup. Once you have a well-packed game-day bag, though, and good preparation habits in place, the process of preparation becomes relatively straightforward”(Rogue Parrish).Why do we need to follow the soccer rules?Following the rules to soccer creates safety. NCAA requires rules because to many people are getting injured and we ignore that fact that we are injured and just wanna play through it. Everyone gets away with breaking some soccer rules. Soccer rules are meant to be broken. If we follow the rules and become less angry, there should be less injuries. Understanding the laws of the game shows you are a student of the game and following the unwritten ones shows your respect for your opponents and the game as a whole. What to do if I get a concussion?Concussion is a brain injury. Concussions can happen at any point of the game, occurs from blows to the body as well as the head. It can happen in any sport. All concussions are very serious and can change an athletes physical functioning and behavior. NCAA states ¨Recognition and proper response to concussion when they first occur can help prevent further injury or even death¨ (NCAA) It needs to be treated right away, if you feel symptoms like headache, confusion, lack of coordination, memory loss, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, ringing in the ears, sleepiness, and excessive fatigue, you will need to see a doctor right away. As you get older and soccer becomes a higher level and more physical and we need to be careful because so many injuries are becoming diagnosed. This article says ¨3,800,000 concussions reported in 2012, double what was reported in 2002,While the first hit can prove problematic, the second or third head impact can cause permanent long-term brain damage. Cumulative sports concussions are shown to increase the likelihood of catastrophic head injury leading to permanent neurologic disability by 39 percent¨(Headcase) .