p.p1 his most famous works include Thus Spoke

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Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) is one of humanity’s most influential and amaranthine thinkers. He was a German philosopher, political critic, philologist, writer and poet. Some of his most famous works include Thus Spoke Zarathustra (1891), Beyond Good and Evil (1886), The Gay Science (1882), The Birth of Tragedy (1872), Twilight of the Idols (1889), The Will to Power (1901), etc. His impact isn’t just on recently found scholarly insight, but additionally on the way numerous contemporary Western philosophers approach “life”. The struggle for love, the journey for self-actualization and enormity, the cry for following your passion and making your life a masterpiece — these are all social streams Nietzsche formed and theorized. He emphasized on the enhancement of individuals, their social wellbeing, and of cultural wealth, and had faith in creativity, power, and down to earth realities. He drew early inspiration from figures such as Schopenhauer, Wagner, and Goethe and his works are known to have inspired ideas like existentialism, postmodernism, and poststructuralism. Therefore to truly comprehend present day life in all its ponder and strangeness, one must comprehend Nietzsche.
The prime reason why I chose to write about Nietzsche is because he opened my eyes from a platonic slumber. Nietzsche believed that the central task of philosophy was to teach us to ‘become who we are’—and I completely resonate with it. He is sometimes hysterical, melancholic, cynical, a megalomanic, and other-times deductive, rational, humorous and romantic. His contribution to philosophy is extremely huge—from his idea of the Apollonian & Dionysian way of life, Perspectivism, his concept of Übermensch, Nihilism, Eternal Recurrence and his theories on war, love and hate.
The Birth of Tragedy was Nietzsche’s first published work. Essentially, he talks about two contradictory outlooks manifested by the ancient Greeks: the Apollonian and the Dionysian. Together, they birthed one of the world’s first, most famous art form—the Athenian tragedy. Apollo, the Sun god, is considered to bear rational clarity who lights up the world with knowledge. For Nietzsche, individuals who see things through an Apollonian point of view see the world as methodical, levelheaded, and limited by definite borders. They see humanity as rather discrete and separate people not as a nebulous whole. On the contrary, Dionysus, the god of wine, carnival and ritualistic madness, viewed the world as disorganized, enthusiastic, and free from limits. The Dionysian perspective looks at humanity as a unified, energetic, formless whole into which the self is ingested. For Nietzsche, the Dionysian point of view was the more invigorating and imperative way to deal with life; he argued that the Apollonian, more “rationalized” view of tragedy extinguished some of life’s mystery and romanticism. This has heavily influenced my thought process; life is an unrelenting chaotic process, to find order and analytical answers seems irrational. He provides a solid indictment of modernity, while castigating popular culture. I truly agree with him when he says that mediocrity is the basis of modern popular culture and that people are increasingly moving towards unimaginative, materialistic and salacious incentives. He saw Classic Greek as the perfect model of a salubrious and organic culture in a State that breeds innovative and robust individuals. Another criticism of modern politics, Nietzsche argues is that it led to the loss of individuality, herd mentality, conformity of imagination, mass manipulation and homogenization. 
Nietzsche famously wrote-“there are no facts, only interpretations.” This stands especially true in today’s age of relentless doubt and curiosity, where there exist no absolutes. He advocates something different from relativism, known as “perspectivism”. Perspectivism, briefly, means that every assertion, viewpoint, notion, or philosophy is related to some or the other perspective and that it is not possible for humans to detach themselves from these perspective in order to grasp the objective Truth. The sole aim of the philosopher, according to him, is to learn, embrace, and test the many alternate viewpoints in order to gauge a better understanding of the ultimate Truth. This procedure may even require approaching the world with contradicting perspectives. While Nietzsche isn’t sure whether this will necessarily eventually uncover the absolute Truth, (because it can never be completely disclosed—thanks to our biases), he feels one can get close to it. As I was reading about Nietzsche’s idea of perspectivism, I couldn’t help but wonder how similar it was to John Boyd’s OODA Loop, one of the greatest military strategies ever devised. Nation-states around the world till today adopt the OODA strategy, that is, Observe-Orient-Decide-Act, as part of their military strategy. The most important step, Orientation, involves re-directing and re-phrasing your behavior and mind according to the ever changing situations around you. For scholarly development and advancement in a constantly moving and dubious environment, be it politically, economically, or militarily, it is a meta-paradigm especially relevant in today’s world for constructing a healthy and robust toolbox of cognitive representations and evaluating these intellectual frameworks as and when needed. 

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