In another literature review, it examines the
relationship between leisure activities and the social status of the elderly
based on the Dutch population (Toepoel,
2012). The close relationships have been analysed to identify which
people could serve as successful stimulators of leisure participation. The
social profile confirms that older people have fewer social contacts and often
feel lonely. This study also shows that leisure activities plays an important
part of the older people’s social connectedness. Some of the activities which
are successful indicators of social connectedness include voluntary work,
cultural activities, holiday, sports, reading books, hobbies and shopping. On
the other hand, activities such as watching TV, listening to the radio, and
spending time behind the computer are considered passive activities that were
not associated with social connectedness. The friends of the elderly also help
in the social connectedness when they participate together in leisure
activities. The partners, siblings and children all play a role in
participation such as cultural activities, sports, voluntary work and holidays.
The local communities can also use these close relationships and develop
special programs (Toepoel, 2012).
One of the example in Singapore is Ms Florence Tan,
who is an elderly widow living alone. She is staying in a one room rented flat,
she has some personal savings and no one to communicate with. She hired a care
giver Lina to take care of her. For the past six years, Lina took care of her
and trained her to read Chinese newspapers, calculate her daily expenses and
master the game “Pictureka” with her friends at the elderly activity centre.
These are some of the secrets to keep Ms Tan’s brain young and reduce chances
of memory loss (Chow,
There is a growing population of elderly people living
in social isolation and struggling with serious illnesses. However, many of
them choose to die at home rather than receiving health care services at
nursing homes. As these elderly do not want to be put in the nursing home, the
medical care and services are not able to reach out to these elderly (Neo, 2016).