Earth’s ecosystems changed more rapidly in the second

Earth’s
population is reaching the seven billion inhabitants at the same time that
resource scarcity and environmental deterioration are becoming more latent
every day. With no natural
predators in our environment, we stand at
the top of the food chain of our planet, which entails an unstoppable growth in
population limited only by the supply of energy provided by our planet and
issues such as wars or diseases. Firstly,
it may be necessary to talk about the depletion of natural resources. As the
human population keeps shooting up, finite natural resources, such as fossil
fuels, fresh water, and arable land,
continue to decline rapidly, which is putting pressure on the basic life
sustaining resources and leading to a worsened quality of life. A study by the
UNEP Global Environment Outlook, which implies 1,400 scientists and five years
worth of work to prepare, found that “Human consumption had far
outstripped available resources. Each person on Earth now requires a third more
land to supply his or her needs than the planet can supply.” Moreover, the
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, which is a four-year research effort by 1,360
of the world’s leading scientists commissioned to measure the actual value of
natural resources to humans and the world, concluded that, “The structure
of the world’s ecosystems changed more rapidly in the second half of the
twentieth century than at any time in recorded human history, and virtually all
of Earth’s ecosystems have now been significantly transformed through human
actions.”A
second problem is the lower life expectancy in the fastest growing countries. According
to a Harvard study, “Over the next forty years, nearly all (97%) of the
2.3 billion projected increase will be in the less developed regions, with
nearly half (49%) in Africa.” Already strained with relentless population
explosion, many developing countries, such as in Sub Saharan Africa and
Southern Asia, will experience a degradation of their quality and length of
life as they face increasing difficulties to supply water, food, energy, and housing to their growing populations, which
will have major repercussions for public health, security measures, and economic growth. These situations are
especially dire for populations in Uganda, Nigeria, and Bangladesh, which will
double and, in some cases, even triple over the next 40 years.Thirdly,
there is an increased emergence of new epidemics and pandemics. A WHO report
shows that environmental degradation, combined with the growth in world
population, is a major cause of the rapid increase in human diseases, which
contributes to the malnutrition of 3.7 billion people worldwide, making them
more susceptible to disease. According to the World Health Organization,
“Every three seconds a young child dies – in most cases from an infectious
disease. In some countries, one in five children dies before their fifth birthday. Every day 3 000 people die from
malaria – three out of four of them children. Every year 1.5 million people die
from tuberculosis and another eight million are newly infected.”
Overpopulation exacerbates many social and environmental factors, including
overcrowded living conditions, pollution, malnutrition and inadequate or
non-existent health care, which wreak havoc on the poor and increase their
likelihood of being exposed to infectious
diseases. To
put it in a nutshell, overpopulation is really a burning issue because the
population increase is not expected to halt, and it may lead to assorted serious
consequences. On one hand, the depletion of natural resources could worsen our
quality of life because every day there are more and more difficulties to
supply food, water or energy to the growing populations. On the other hand,
environmental degradation is already a major cause of the accelerated rise in
human illnesses. Nevertheless,
there are some measures that can be conducted in order to amend this worrying
situation. Providing a better sex education will help people understand more
about the potential consequences of having sex as they relate to childbirth. It will also do away with many of the myths that
surround the sexual act and introduce scientifically-proven methods of birth
control. Access to birth control must go together with better sex education.
The World Health Organization (WHO) states that 225 million women who are
living in the developing countries would prefer to postpone giving birth but
are not using any form of contraception.Effects of Human Overpopulation. (2013, November 20). Retrieved from http://www.everythingconnects.org/overpopulation-effects.html Overpopulation: The Causes, Effects and
Potential Solutions. (2016, December 6). Retrieved from https://www.renewableresourcescoalition.org/overpopulation-causes-effects-solutions/

Population Growth Is Still the Biggest Problem Facing Humanity. (2010,
July 4). Retrieved from http://www.businessinsider.com/population-growth-must-stop-2010-7