Abraham Lincoln, despite his lack of wealth as a kid, grew up to be what our country considers one of the best presidents. He was very humble all through his life and even through his presidency. Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president and changed how the United States worked. He defended the union, abolished slavery, and published the Emancipation Proclamation. He was later assassinated during a play. Even though he was gone people did not forget. Everyone still looks up to him. Abraham lived a Poor and humble life providing for his family by working hard through his childhood, teenage years, and his early adulthood where he got married and became president where he left an impression on everyone who learns about him and his life. Abraham Lincoln’s legacy started when his dad, Thomas, married Abraham’s mom Nancy Hanks. They had three kids Abraham, Sarah, and Thomas. Abraham Lincoln’s brother, Thomas, died wan he was just an infant. Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809 in a small town called Hardin County in Kentucky. He was born in a one room log cabin. A land dispute in 1811 forced them to move from there cabin in Hardin to Knob Creek Farm eight miles away. Later in 1815 they were faced with another lawsuit which threatened to kick them off of their current land. Abraham Lincoln’s father decided to sell his last amount of land that he had left and move them to Indiana where the land titles were more secure. Indiana at the time of 1816 was a non-slaveholding. During his years in Kentucky and Indiana Thomas Lincoln worked as a farmer, cabinetmaker, and a carpenter. When Abraham Lincoln was just nine years old his mother died of milk sickness. In Abraham Lincoln’s youth, he disliked manual labor and would spend most of his time reading and writing. People would often call him lazy for this. Abraham Lincoln was mainly self-educated. In his early teen years he began to take responsibility for chores. He complied with a customary obligation which made Abraham Lincoln give all his earnings from work outside of the house to his father until he reached the age of 21. He was tall for his age and was also very strong and athletic. He was known and had a reputation for brawn and audacity after a very competitive wrestling match. In 1830 the Lincoln’s moved yet again. They moved to Macon County, Illinois, which was also a non-slaveholding state, due to the fear of the milk sickness outbreak. Abraham Lincoln continuously became more distant from his father after the move. In 1831 the Lincoln’s yet again planned to move, but this time Abraham Lincoln stayed because he was old enough to make his own decisions and support himself. Abraham Lincoln ended up in New Salem Sangamon County. He was hired by a merchant form New Salem. Abraham Lincoln and a few friends would take goods by floatboat. He stayed in salem for the next six years. In 1840 Abraham Lincoln became engaged to his soon to be wife Mary Todd. Mary Todd was from a wealthy slave owning family from Lexington, Kentucky. They had met in Springfield, Illinois, in 1839 in December. They were planned to get married January 1, 1841, but Abraham Lincoln broke off the engagement. They later linked up at a party and married on November 4, 1842. Abraham Lincoln and his wife, Mary Todd, moved into a house in Springfield. Abraham Lincoln and his wife had four children, Robert Todd Lincoln, Edward Baker Lincoln, Willie Lincoln, and Thomas Tad Lincoln. Edward Lincoln died on February 1, 1850 of tuberculosis. Willie Lincoln died on February 20, 1862 of a fever. Their fourth son Thomas died at the age of 18, on July 16, 1871, of heart failure. The deaths of Abraham Lincoln’s kids took a toll on him and his wife. They both had a plethora of struggles later in life. Mary struggled with stress of losing her last son Robert, and losing her husband. Robert later committed Mary to a mental health institute temporarily. Abraham Lincoln later suffered from a condition called clinical depression, or melancholy. Abraham Lincoln’s step family, the Todds, were either slave traders or slave owners. The Lincolns often visited the Todds in Lexington. When Abraham Lincoln was 23 him and a partner payed for a small store on credit. The market was booming at the time yet the store did not do well. Abraham Lincoln later sold his share of the store. Later that year he began his first political campaign. He ran for the Illinois General Assembly. He gained local popularity and was able to draw crowds as a natural raconteur in New Salem, despite that he lacked an education, powerful friends, and money. Before the election Abraham Lincoln served as captain of the Illinois Militia during the Black Hawk War. He continued his campaign for the August 6 election for the Illinois General Assembly. He was a tall man at six feet and four inches tall and was strong and fairly intimidating. At Abraham Lincoln’s first speech, he saw a supporter being attacked in the crowd. Abraham Lincoln grabbed the attacker and grabbed him by the neck and pants and threw him. Even though Abraham Lincoln received 277 out 300 votes he still got eighth out of 13 candidates. He served as the New Salem postmaster and later became the county surveyor, he did all this while he read avidly. He then became a lawyer and taught himself law by reading through the Blackstone’s Commentaries on the Laws of England and other books. In 1834 Abraham Lincoln won on his second campaign. He was running for the state legislature. He ran as a Whig. many Democrats favored him over a more powerful Whig opponent. Abraham Lincoln was admitted to the Illinois bar in 1836 and moved to Springfield, Illinois. He began to practice law under John Stuart. John Stuart was Mary Todd’s cousin. Abraham Lincoln became a successful lawyer with a reputation of being a formidable adversary. Abraham Lincoln then partnered with Stephen Logan from 1841 until 1844. Abraham Lincoln then began his own practice with William Herndon, who he thought was a studious young man. Abraham Lincoln was successful on his second run for office. He served four successive terms as a Whig representative from Sangamon County in the Illinois House of Representatives. He supported the construction of the Illinois and Michigan Canal. He later became the Canal Commissioner. Abraham Lincoln voted to expand suffrage to white males, regardless if they were landowners, in the 1835-1836 legislative session. Abraham Lincoln was known for his stance of opposing slavery and abolitionism. From the early 1830’s, Abraham Lincoln was a steadfast Whig. He ran for the Whig nomination for Illinois seventh district of the House of Representatives in 1843. He lost to John Hardin. Abraham Lincoln still won support for the principle of rotation, whereby Hardin would retire after only one term which would allow for the nomination of another candidate. He was hoping that in the event of Hardin being elected that he would be able to be his replacement in a year when Hardin would retire in 1846. Abraham Lincoln was elected in 1846 exactly how he had planned and served one two-year term. When Abraham Lincoln was elected he was the only Whig in the Illinois delegation, but he showed loyalty to his party by participating in most of all votes and making speeches that represented the party line. Abraham Lincoln collaborated with the abolitionist Congressman Joshua Giddings to write a bill that would abolish slavery in the District of Columbia that would give the owners compensation. They enforced the capture of fugitive slaves and and made a popular vote on the matter. They later abandoned the bill when it failed to appeal to sufficient Whig supporters. Due to the foreign and military policy, Abraham Lincoln spoke against the Mexican-American War, which he also attributed to President Polk’s desire for the goal of military glory. He also supported a plan called the Wilmot Proviso, which banned slavery in any territory won from Mexico. Abraham emphasized his opposition to Polk’s desire by drafting his Spot Resolutions. The war began with a slaughter of American soldiers by the Mexicans in territory that had been disputed by Mexico and the U.S.. Polk stated that blood was shed on U.S. soil. Abraham Lincoln demanded that Polk show him the exact spot in which blood was shed. Congress never enacted or debated the resolution. The national papers ignored it. This resulted in the loss of political support for Abraham Lincoln in his district. Abraham Lincoln realized that Clay would not likely win the presidency of 1848, and he pledged to only serve one term in the House, which was supported by General Zachary Taylor. Zachary Taylor won the presidential election of 1848 and Abraham Lincoln hoped to be appointed Commissioner of the General Land Office. Unfortunately the job went to an Illinois rival Justin Butterfield who was considered to be a very skilled lawyer. Abraham Lincoln was then offered the job of secretary or governor of the Oregon Territory. The job was in a distant territory, which was a Democratic stronghold. The acceptance of that job offer would have ended his legal and political career in Illinois. Due to that fact he decided to decline that job offer, stay in Illinois, and continue his law practice. Abraham Lincoln went back to Springfield and continued his practice and took any business that came his way. In light of the western expansion he handled many transportation cases. He favored the cases that dealt with conflicts due to the construction of new railroad bridges and river barges, because in his earlier days he was a riverboat man. He ultimately represented anyone who would hire him. Abraham Lincoln later represented a riverboat company in a huge case that involved a canal boat that sank after hitting a bridge. Abraham Lincoln created a flotation device for the way boats move in shallow water. The flotation device idea was never sold, but Abraham Lincoln was one of the only presidents to hold a patent. Abraham Lincoln had another famous case that has been cited many times by the Illinois Supreme Court. He represented the railroad against one of the shareholders of the Alton Sangamon Railroad who refused to pay the rest of his investment due to the railroad changing the original train route. Abraham Lincoln argued that the railroad could change the route; however, the route had to be in the best interest of the public and be a less expensive route. He won the case and the shareholder still had to pay his remaining balance. Abraham Lincoln had over 175 cases which were held at the Illinois Supreme Court, 51 case that were represented by just him and 31 cases he won. His reputation with his clients and his ability to win cases based on facts, earned him the nickname “Honest Abe.” In the year of 1858 Abraham Lincoln’s most memorable criminal trial happened. He defended a man named William Armstrong. William was on trial for murdering James Metzker. This case is known for Abraham Lincoln’s use of judicial notice which challenged the credibility of an eyewitness. The rival witness said that he saw the murder happen through the moonlight. Abraham Lincoln proved that the moonlight would have been reduced,due to the moon being at a lower angle, proving that the witness was non-credible. William Armstrong was then acquitted due to the lack of evidence. Abraham Lincoln, who was known to not object in the courtroom, protested against claims of his cousin, Peachy Harrison, stabbing a person to death. The judge decided not to use evidence that was beneficial to his cousin, later allowed this evidence which allowed his client to be acquitted. On may 9-10, 1860 Abraham Lincoln’s followers got together a campaign that was lead by David Davis, Norman Judd, Leonard Swett, and Jesse Dubois. His campaign team was put together after the Illinois Republican State Convention was held. After the team was put together Abraham Lincoln received his first sponsorship to run for president. They called him “The Rail Candidate” due to his height and complexion. He was a very tall and thin man with darker skin and black hair. After another convention of May 18 Abraham Lincoln became the Republican candidate on the ballot. He won out other candidates like Seward and Chase. The Vice President on the ballot was a former democrat named Hannibal Hamlin. Abraham Lincoln’s campaign team was the deciding factor on how he did in the election. He had most Republicans on his side due to his views on slavery, and his background as a Whig. Abraham Lincoln had all his managers and other staff focused on his representatives. He had a motto that stated “Make no contracts that bind me”. Due to Dred Scott and his decision, slaves gained more power on the national government. All through the 1850s civil war was a doubt in Abraham Lincoln’s mind, and all his supporters agreed with the fact that there would not be the start of a war if he was elected. The Democratic candidate was Douglas who was disagreed with on many of his various views. People disliked his view on popular sovereignty. The Vice President elected was John Breckinridge. A group called the Constitutional Union was formed by former Whigs who elected John Bell, who was from Tennessee. Abraham Lincoln and Douglas received most of their votes from the North whereas Bell and Breckinridge received their votes from the South. Abraham Lincoln’s campaign created a organization for the youth which was call Wide Awakes. This youth group was used to create support for Abraham Lincoln all the way throughout the entire country to get rid of other voter groups. The belief of abolishing slavery grew which expanded Abraham Lincoln’s followers. The North was against slavery while the South still wanted to keep slaves. The North knew that the South would vote against Abraham Lincoln due to his belief in abolishing slavery entirely. The North decided to round up followers for Abraham Lincoln because of the South voting against him. He was the only candidate that gave no speeches. Every other candidate had traveled and spoke at different places. Abraham Lincoln instead tracked the campaign and depended on the Republicans to fire people up and gain more supporters. All of his followers did the majority of the hard work that dealt with rallying and gaining supporters. They produced propaganda like campaign posters, pamphlets, and newspaper articles. Other republicans spoke out on Abraham Lincoln’s behalf. They had speakers talk about his early childhood and how he grew up in a poor family trying to get people to empathize for him. There was a book written about his life which sold about 200,000 copies. Abraham Lincoln was elected as the 16 president of the U.S. on November 6, 1860. His win over Douglas Breckinridge, and Bell was strictly dedicated to his followers. He had no votes from 10 of the 15 states in the South. The North and the West made up all of his votes. Abraham Lincoln without a doubt was the primary choice for the electoral college. He received 180 of the votes from the electoral college while his competitors received a total of 123 combined. Due to Abraham Lincoln being elected the South was set on seceding before he took office in March. The South filed for secession and other states followed such as Florida, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas. They all made their own constitution and became their own nation. They called themselves the Confederate States of America. The president before Abraham Lincoln, president Buchanan, and Abraham Lincoln denied the confederacy and made the secession illegal. The Confederate States of America elected Jefferson Davis as their president on February 9, 1861. Both nations tried to make an ultimatum by extending the line of the 1820 Missouri Compromise making it into two separate nations of slave and free. Abraham Lincoln denied the compromise. Abraham Lincoln said, “I will suffer death before I consent to any concession or compromise which looks like buying the privilege to take possession of this government to which we have a constitutional right”. Abraham Lincoln on the contrary supported an amendment, which was passed before he came into office, that allowed slavery to exist in the U.S. where it already existed but restricted the government from interfering with slavery in the South. Abraham Lincoln addressed large groups of people and legislatures all throughout the North. He then escaped from possible assassins in Baltimore while passing through and they were discovered by Abraham Lincoln’s head security guard Allan Pinkerton. He came to Washington, D.C. in disguise to avoid being detected. He was successful in not being detected and was able to present his inaugural address to the south to get rid of slavery; however, this did not stop the war due to the union or Lincoln and the Republicans agreeing. Abraham Lincoln said, ” We are not, but friends. We must not be enemies. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield, and patriot grave, to every living heart and hearthstone, all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature”. This was the beginning of the civil war. Major Robert Anderson was the commander at Fort Sumter. He had sent a request to Washington and Abraham Lincoln meeting the orders of the request was viewed as and act of war. On April 12, 1861 the first gunfire that started the war was fired by Confederate forces at Union troops at Fort Sumter. This forced the Union Troops to surrender. This was the real beginning of the war. William Tecumseh Sherman approached Abraham Lincoln after his inauguration and explained to him that the South was getting ready for the war. On April 15 Abraham Lincoln prepared troops from all states. They collected a total of 75,000 troops with the main jobs of to capture forts, protect the capital, and preserve the Union. The calling of the troops and the beginning of the war made all the states split and take their sides. Virginia became the confederate capital. North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas all seceded. Kentucky became neutral. The Union sent troops to the South in response to Abraham Lincoln’s orders of protecting Washington and to fight against the Confederates. On April 19 the Southern troops attacked the Union at the trains in Baltimore. The Confederates later burned down tracks and bridges leading to Washington. The Battle of Fort Sumter opened Abraham Lincoln’s eyes and made him realize that he needed to take control of the war and come up with a strategy for defeating the Confederates. Abraham Lincoln later ran into military and political troubles a became the commanding chief and used powers that were not in his jurisdiction. He cut off the Confederate ports and made war powers stronger. Abraham Lincoln had any suspected traitors or people who believed in the Confederacy arrested. Abraham Lincoln tried to contain the war and make it a non-international fight. His main goal was to keep foreign countries from aiding the Confederacy. Abraham Lincoln put William Seward as the Secretary of State, and he was in charge of most diplomatics. He left Charles Sumner to aid William Seward. Abraham Lincoln had to mair strategies. The strategies were to defend Washington, and to devise an aggressive war effort that provided them with the win over the Confederacy. Abraham Lincoln met with his cabinet two times a week to ensure that everything was going just as it was planned. After the Republican general had retired, Abraham Lincoln appointed George McClellan as the new general. After his service for a little he was removed in March 1862 due to a letter he wrote to Abraham Lincoln. John Pope became the leader of the new Army of Virginia. He lead the army at the Second Battle of Bull Run and was defeated in the summer of 1862. In 1862 the navy was expanded by the introduction of ironclad ships. The Union’s ships name was the Merrimack. It was then damaged and destroyed by the Confederate ship the Monitor. In September 1862 the Battle of Antietam takes place. This was the bloodiest battle in U.S. history and the Union comes through with the win. After this battle Abraham Lincoln announced the Emancipation Proclamation. The government’s power was very limited to be able to end slavery and Abraham Lincoln was aware of it. The ending of slavery would end from restricting its expanding into new territory. There were two attempts at the emancipation but were rejected by Abraham Lincoln due to the fact that they were written out of their power. On June 19, 1862 all slavery was banned on all federal land. The Confiscation Act was passed in July 1862 releasing slaves from anyone who helped in the rebellion. Abraham Lincoln then talked to his cabinet about making the Emancipation Proclamation, which would release all slaves in the South on January 1, 1863. The Emancipation Proclamation was released on September 22, 1862 and was put into action on January 1, 1863. All slaves were then freed in the southern states. The next election came in 1864. Abraham Lincoln decided to run for his second term as president. General Grant ran against him. General Grant’s campaign was unsuccessful and did not have the same following that Abraham Lincoln had. On March 4, 1865 Abraham Lincoln gave yet another inaugural speech. Abraham lincoln on Friday, April 14, 1865 was attending a play at the Ford’s Theatre as the war was just ending and reconstruction was just beginning. John Wilkes Booth, who was a know confederate spy, devised a plan to capture Abraham Lincoln and get him to release confederate soldiers. He then changed his plans and decided to assassinate Abraham Lincoln. As he was inside, in his booth watching the play, John Wilkes Booth snuck up behind him. Abraham Lincoln’s bodyguard had left to go drink at the saloon, so he had no protection. John Wilkes Booth shot Abraham Lincoln in the head. He was sent straight to the hospital, was in a coma for nine hours, then died at 7:15 am on April 15. John Wilkes Booth was on the run for 12 days. He was then tracked down and killed by Sergeant Boston Corbett. Abraham Lincoln lived a very poor childhood. He provided for his family until he was old enough, then moved on his own, got married, had kids, became president, then met a very tragic end by being assassinated by John Wilkes Booth just as the Civil war was ending. Abraham lived a Poor and humble life providing for his family by working hard through his childhood, teenage years, and his early adulthood where he got married and became president where he left an impression on everyone who learns about him and his life.